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Hit List - Paper 1


“Predicted the unpredictable 100% for the 14th time in a row (2009-2022)”

Paper – I

SHORT NOTES (10 markers)

  1. ‘Enlightenment’ and emergence of sociology

  2. Sociology and common sense

  3. Multidisciplinary : Sociology’s relation with other social sciences

  4. Scope of sociology today in understanding various social issues in a globalized world

  5. Sociology as interpretative science

  6. Problems of objectivity.

  7. Difference between objectivity and value neutrality

  8. Research designs in social science-The explanatory and exploratory designs

  9. Ethnography

  10. Techniques of data collection- Participant observation, Questionaries, Probability and Non probability sampling techniques, focus group Discussion, Content analysis, Biographies and Interviews.

  11. The issues of Reliability and validity in non-positivism

  12. Good hypothesis

  13. Class in itself and Class for itself

  14. Commodity fetishism

  15. AGIL

  16. Pattern variables and social change

  17. Society as moving equilibrium

  18. Cybernetic hierarchy of Parsons

  19. Cultural lag

  20. Difference between ‘unanticipated consequences’ and ‘latent functions’

  21. Reference groups and Relative deprivation/Sanskritisation

  22. Social stratification- Class, Status, Gender, Ethnicity and Race as dimensions

  23. Hierarchy and exclusion leads to underdevelopment

  24. Hierarchy replaced by differentiations today due to social mobility

  25. Ethnocentrism and Ethnic discrimination / conflict

  26. Status inconsistency in Modern societies

  27. Globalisation: Growing Poverty, inequality, and social Exclusion

  28. Voluntary and involuntary social exclusion

  29. Sociology of work (Durkheim’s DOL)

  30. Social organization of work in feudal/ capitalist and post industrial society.

  31. Asiatic modes of production

  32. Social determinants of Economic development

  33. Globalisation and informalization of work

  34. Feminisation of work

  35. Women as Reserve Army of Labor

  36. Legitimate Authority, and Dysfunction of Bureaucracy( Iron cage rationality )-Max Weber

  37. Role of civil society/pressure groups in democracy – Protests/Policy making

  38. Circulation of elites

  39. Power Elite

  40. Community power/societal power

  41. Democracy as a social order

  42. Indicators of power in industrial/postindustrial society

  43. Globalization and Citizenship

  44. The prerequisites/structure of social movements

  45. Role of media in protests/movements today

  46. Globalization and New Social movements

  47. Religious beliefs in premodern societies

  48. Religion and gender inequality/patriarchy

  49. Sects and cults. Why it is proliferating today?

  50. Gender roles in changing structure of family

  51. Sex Vs Gender / The problem of gender

  52. LGBT

  53. Privatization of higher education

  54. Education and social mobility/social continuity

  55. The role of Science and technology in solving social problems

  56. The social responsibility of science

  57. Is ideology inevitable for social movement/social change?

  58. Sociological imagination


LONG ANSWERS (20 markers)

  1. Modernity and emergence of sociology

  2. Sociology as a science: Positivism Vs Non positivism

  3. Quantitative and Qualitative techniques

  4. Religion : Durkheim Vs Weber

  5. Division of Labor : Durkheim Vs Karl Marx

  6. Social fact (Durkheim) Vs Social Action (Max Weber)

  7. Comparison of Alienation(Karl Marx), Anomie (Durkheim) and Rationalization (Weber)

  8. Mode of production (Karl Marx)

  9. Class struggle (Karl Marx Vs Weber )

  10. Protestant ethics and spirit of capitalism(Weber)

  11. Social Action (Weber and Parsons)

  12. Social System and Equilibrium (Parsons)

  13. Social structure and Anomie/Deviance (R.K. Merton and Durkheim )

  14. Compare Parsons’ Grand theory with Merton’s Middle Range theories

  15. H.Mead on Self and identity/Gender identity

  16. Davis and Moore theory of social stratification

  17. Melvin Tumin’s criticism of functional theories of social stratification.

  18. Social stratification: Karl Marx Vs Weber

  19. Open Vs Closed societies debate

  20. Poverty/inequality and Covid 19

  21. Threats to Nationalism Today (Globalization Perspective)

  22. Globalization and power of the nation State

  23. Democracy and Identity Politics

  24. Secularization and Cultural Nationalism/pluralism

  25. Globalization and religious revivalism/ fundamentalism. 

  26. Religion and science as compatibles

  27. Religion as a conservative force or change agent

  28. Changing family and marriage today /Threats/Non Normative families-Homosexuality /Live in relations

  29. Patriarchy and sexual division of labor/Feminist movements/Patriarchal bargain

  30. Development and dependency/Development of under development

  31. UN/WTO/World Bank/IMF and other global institutions as agents of developed countries against developing and poor countries during Covid 19

  32. Compare Marxian and Weberian theories of social change

  33. Compare Marxian and Parsonian views on social change

  34. Tradition and Modernity in social change/Structural constraints to social change



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